Search form

Main Menu New

Trade Agreements

Organic equivalency is a mutual recognition in the form of bilateral arrangements between key trading partners that allows for successful trade by reducing trade barriers and supporting the strengthening of the supply chain.

Organic equivalency recognizes two systems as comparable and verifiable, though not necessarily identical. When it comes to the development of standards, it is recognized that technical requirements will differ by jurisdiction or region. Ultimately what is more important is that they are seen as comparable without compromising the integrity that has come to be expected from the organic designation in both markets.

Learn about existing U.S. organic equivalency agreements:

U.S. // Swiss   U.S. // Korea   U.S. // Japan   U.S. // European Union   U.S. // Canada

Equivalency in organic regulatory systems can achieve:


Expanded market access for producers and manufacturers

Establishing organic equivalency of U.S. and EU regulations and standards is a means to ensure greater access to the neighboring market for domestic producers and processors, and a mitigation of new non-tariff trade barriers to importers with a reduction in unnecessary technical barriers for all.

Market growth and consistent supply

Equivalency enables a more consistent supply of organic goods, as it spans various growing conditions and seasons, as well as manufacturing bases. By ensuring consistent supply and introducing a diversity of product availability, the organic market becomes more appealing to consumers and continues to grow.

A solution to current inefficiencies and bureaucracies

FAO, IFOAM, and UNCTAD agree that equivalence between country-regulated organic programs offers a solution to the current problems of trade impediments, redundancy and inefficiencies among global organic regulations, standards and management systems.

Organic equivalency benefits:


Domestic producers

Domestic producers will benefit from simplified and streamlined certification (where they once had to pay for multiple certifications or ran parallel systems on their farms). Domestic producers will also enjoy the benefits of the overall growth in the organic market, which attracts more consumers and enhances continuity in the supply of organic products on store shelves.


Consumers will benefit as they have access to a more affordable range of organic products, increased quantities and product diversity. Consumers will continue to have confidence in the organic integrity and government oversight of the products they buy.


Manufacturers will benefit from a strengthened supply of ingredients and reductions in following now-obsolete segregation production systems (i.e. multiple production lines meeting different standards).

The domestic market

The domestic market will grow based on a facilitated supply and demand chain, and reduced regulatory inefficiencies/redundancies which will benefit producers, manufacturers, consumers and retailers. Even though equivalency opens the domestic market to imports, a competitive advantage is maintained over imported products via the increase in “product of” and “local” purchasing decisions.

Equivalency can help to address issues in the organic market including:


Global trade and market access

Currently, products exported to our major trading partners other than Canada must meet the destination market regulatory requirements for organic products. In most cases, and especially prior to an arrangement in the EU, this practice requires that organic producers meet multiple requirements and hold multiple country- specific certifications. Organic equivalency will make the domestic certification the certification of choice by guaranteeing access to the domestic and export markets.

Multiple trade requirements or barriers

The non-tariff barriers to trade under our current organic system can include: multiple certification requirements, redundant government regulations, private sector standards, import regulations, different accreditation systems, and variances between standards which deter participation in both markets.

The Organic Trade Association does not discriminate on the basis of age, disability, national origin or ancestry, race, gender, religion, sexual orientation, marital status, political affiliation or military status. Persons with disabilities who require alternate means for communication of program information can contact us at